Philosophy can be broken into at least four main divisions: Value theory what's right or wrong, what's the best political system, what does it mean to be a good person. Knowledge theory also known as epistemology — pronounced ee-pist-ehm-ah-oh-geeit is the study of what we can know, what it means to say something is true, and whether we can have certainty. Reality theory also known as metaphysics — what sort of stuff is the world made up of, what does it mean to say something is 'real', how do objects exist through time and space.
His teachings have laid the foundations for Western philosophy and have inspired leagues of people around the world to question their surroundings, to leave no stone unturned and to try and understand the various connections that make up the world around them. Enthused by the teachings of his formidable instructor Socrates1, Plato recognised the discrepancies of the society that existed around him and drew up a blue print of his ideal society characterised by his unique interpretations of the foundations of Utopia.
European Graduate School, n. Aarathi Aristotle B. The purpose of this essay therefore is to compare and contrast their ideal States and to understand the theoretical and practical differences between them. But how does Plato decide what professions are best suited to an individual?
According to Plato, the soul is divided into three: Reason, Spirit and Appetite. Aarathi and space and their respective desires are to find honour and material goods. While Reason on its own is an independent entity, Appetite is subject to the conduct of Reason while Spirit is seen as a natural ally of Reason3.
The ideal Soul of the ideal man is one in which Reason alone was present, however to find such a mortal man is impossible.
The next best alternative to the ideal Soul therefore is the balanced Soul and such a soul is one in which Reason dominates, wielding equal authority over Spirit and Courage; the man with such a soul is the closest imitation of the Idea of man Plato divided society into three classes: Stanford University, 23 Oct.
Print 5 Dorbolo, Jon. Oregon State University, Consequently any State in which people were prevented from doing what they were naturally supposed to was one in which a change would have to be brought about7. Considering that the fate of his ideal State lies in the hand of the philosopher- kings Plato pays special attention to them.
Their cultivated education was an absolute necessity in order to give rise to a philosopher fit to rule the State. The philosophers were to enter school at the ages of six to learn reading, writing and counting. In typical Greek tradition, exercise and fitness were of paramount importance and by the time they reached the age of eighteen, they were expected to enrol in military and physical training.
Aarathi of twenty-one they began their higher studies and only by the time they reached thirty were they ready to embark on their study of philosophy. It was around this age as well that they started serving in the polis, becoming well versed in civil matters and politics.
This vigorous training in education continued until the age of fifty, after which the philosopher-king was finally ready to rule the State8. Most would assume that this system would be reserved for whatever form of nobility that prevailed at the time however Plato believed that the distribution of talent was non-genetic and that talent must be found in children from other classes as well.
Aarathi It is obvious that the men who belonged to the three strata of society would require wives however upon what basis were these women divided into these strata?
It has to be remembered that the Greek culture completely disregarded women, a fact consolidated by the sad truth that the forefathers of democracy prohibited them from their fundamental right of voting. It would seem that Plato following the design of the society he belonged to would have given a misogynistic solution to the question posed, contrarily, it is here where his most inspiring thought it produced: Plato believed that women should be educated to the same degree as men and with the same quality of education.
Plato according to Jon Dorbolo, saw no difference between men and women, apart from their bodies, that validated inequality in terms of the education that they rightfully deserved Plato was well known of his criticism of democracy, a system of government characterised by the participation of all the people in the State, as he believed that only a few were capable of making wise decisions: His State is also the antithesis of Capitalism, as he believed if money and wealth were not the priorities of society, then all the members of society would be on equal footing While Plato was indeed a brilliant philosopher his State was flawed and when viewed by the author, seems highly unnatural.
Plato credits humanity with an unreasonably high moral nature and relies too much on the assumption that people in their desired occupations will be just. Another flaw in his State is the concentration of such immense power in the hands of a few.
While 12 Okpala, Ogochukwu. Aarathi Plato has chosen the idea of the philosopher-king for the inherent rationality and desire for knowledge that such a character would possess, he cannot take away from the fact that man is inherently an animal that constantly desires power.
This monopoly of power for a single individual would eventually result in tyranny, and this is where his State fails in comparison with Democracy.
His State is based upon rigid classes and a puzzling disregard for the economic strata of society, upon nationalism and totalitarianism, upon a lack of freedom for its citizens and the expectation of a high moral standard from them; such fabulous contradictions only elucidate the fact that such a State could never exist in the world that we know13, and it seems prudent that it continues to exist in its own world, independent of ours.
Aristotle does use the concept of Ideas in his philosophy. Plato believes that every object has its own Idea existing in another realm, independent of time and space, Aristotle on the other hand, does not share this view.
While 13 Okpala, Ogochukwu. Aarathi Aristotle had an interpretation of theory of Ideas, unlike Plato, it did not form the basis of his ideal State. The polis were small sovereign city-states, most of them having a population of less than twenty thousand.Now, it is Aristotle’s views that are taken into consideration, felicitating the comparison between the two.
Aristotle does use the concept of Ideas in his philosophy. Plato believes that every object has its own Idea existing in another realm, independent of time and . The primary difference between Plato and Aristotle lies in their beliefs about what was most authentic about existence.
Plato believed that ultimate reality is not present in everyday experiences. Aristotle thought that the everyday world is more authentic than Plato's otherworldly set of ideals.
Plato's and Aristotle's views on politics were very different. Aristotle rejected many of the building blocks of Plato's politics: the theory of Forms (in the Metaphysics), the universal idea of the Good (in the Ethics), the value of Communes (in the Politics).
Plato vs Aristotle. It is most fitting to discuss the difference between Plato and Aristotle in terms of their concepts. Plato and Aristotle were two great thinkers and philosophers that differed in the explanation of their philosophical concepts.
Comparison of Plato and Aristotle's Political Theories To compare the political theories of two great philosophers of politics is to first examine each theory in depth. Plato is regarded by many experts as the first writer of political philosophy, and Aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist. When you compare the philosophical views of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, it's important to distinguish the historical Socrates from Plato's Socrates. Plato vs Aristotle: Compared Philosophies Undeniably, Plato and Aristotle are the two rock stars of Greek Philosophy. Plato created idealism and Aristotle, later recuperated by Thomas Aquinas, became the official doctrine of the Catholic Church.
Socrates - Athens' "Gadfly" When you compare the philosophical views of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, it's important to distinguish .
Plato vs Aristotle: Compared Philosophies Undeniably, Plato and Aristotle are the two rock stars of Greek Philosophy. Plato created idealism and Aristotle, later recuperated by Thomas Aquinas, became the official doctrine of the Catholic Church.