Overview[ edit ] Origin of term[ edit ] U. The word is linked to the use of a whistle to alert the public or a crowd about a bad situation, such as the commission of a crime or the breaking of rules during a game. The phrase whistle blower attached itself to law enforcement officials in the 19th century because they used a whistle to alert the public or fellow police. By the yearthe phrase had become a hyphenated word, whistle-blower.
Multimedia Whistleblowing is not an appealing activity. The target of the accusation may suffer, but so can the accuser, even if the accusations are substantiated. At the least, "snitches" may become unpopular.
At the worst, they may be ostracized and even driven from their institutions. And the claim that loyalty to a colleague, particularly a stranger, exceeds a fiduciary duty to a patient is difficult to defend.
The majority of errors are unknown to the patients. An analogy is the duty to report child abuse: That is the responsibility of state agencies. The duty is to report "reasonable suspicion. But lawsuits have other purposes besides restoration of the status quo ante. They may compensate the patient for out-of-pocket expenses; they may deter future errors; they may uncover a pattern of errors.
And while they may lead to "defensive medicine," sometimes they lead to better medicine, if the physician was truly negligent and learns from his or her mistakes. What are the arguments in favor of disclosing to patients possible mistakes made by other medical professionals? There are several ethical obligations involved.
First, there is the duty to be truthful to patients. Normal care typically includes a discussion of how the present illness occurred. This may be a deception. It is routine to discuss the most likely etiologies, regardless of whether the patient asks for the information.
Second, there is the principle of reparations. When a person causes harm to another, particularly when it results from a negligent action, reparations are owed. Regrettably, in the United States the only effective system for providing such payments is the imperfect tort liability system.
It reflects a shared belief in the moral importance of reparations. This is not to say the patient should be encouraged to sue. That is his or her decision.
But most patients will have no way of knowing that they may be entitled to reparations if they are not told the likely cause of their condition. Third, there may be a duty to protect others; namely, the future possible patients who may also be harmed by the wayward physician.
This is a matter for hospital boards and state licensing boards. The duty to report possible errors to these agencies is less clear, and the threshold for reporting will usually be more than a single case.
Whistleblowing, of course, should not be equated with disagreements about the best way to manage a problem. The practice of medicine is unavoidably imprecise, and there is hardly a situation in which all informed physicians agree on the best way to proceed.
There is a continuum including, at one end, disagreements about different approaches, and at the other end, gross negligence. Reasonable people will disagree about the threshold for beginning such discussions with patients, and there will be disagreement about the precise words to be used.
Whether an apparent mistake is due to negligence, and whether a patient is entitled to compensation, is for others to decide.
But these questions will usually not be asked if a physician does not alert the patient to the possibility that his or her injury may have been caused by others.
Beware of ethical flypaper.- Whistle blowing Whistle blowing is an attempt of an employee or former employee of a company to reveal what he or she believes to be a wrongdoing in or by a company or organization.
Whistle blowing tries to make others aware of practices that are considered illegal or immoral. I support the proposed changes. Sheila Copps, in one of her books, stated that the proposed whistle blowing legislation they had attempted to pass got so amended that it were better that it had never been passed, worse than the one before it.
Whistle-blowing is a controversial issue whereby the duties of employees towards the society, organization and self are often in a conflict of interest.
Whistle-blowing is a moral obligation towards professionalism and the interest of the public (Bouville ).While at the same time, whistleblowing though being a duty towards professional ends.
The term whistleblower refers to an individual who shines a public light on illegal or immoral acts that he witnesses within his own organization. Whistleblowing is controversial since employees must balance organizational loyalty with the potential benefits of solving a problem by shoving the organization in the.
Sep 11, · Full text of balanced, accurate discussions of over controversial topics in the news supplemented with chronologies, illustrations, maps, tables, sidebars, contact information, and bibliographies including primary source documents and news editorials.
Covers present. Further, the Supreme Court of Canada has made a decision regarding Saskatchewan’s whistleblowing provision in Merk v. International Association of Bridge, Structural, Ornamental and Reinforcing Iron Workers, Local 77, SCC 70 (CANLII).