The call for democracy came resoundingly from within and to the complete surprise of the outside world.
What is the "Arab Spring"? Democratization usually occurs in geographical clusters, due to the shared culture and language. Grand discusses the transmission of democratic ideals in geographic regions, "When one country overthrows a dictator, citizens in other countries that share a common language—or at least commonalities in language and culture—are more likely to hear about it, view the example provided by their neighbor as relevant to their own condition, and feel empowered to take action because of it.
Improvements in communications technologies have only accelerated these effects. His frustrations began when Bouazizi's cart, and his goods were confiscated by police, who then begun to berate and harass him.
He went to file a complaint at a government building but was met with many clerical roadblocks and later returned to the building and self-immolated outside in protest. Discontent with politics--particularly social and economic conditions--were a shared, primary source of frustration among protesters.
As with many global social movements, disenfranchisement was the catalyst that begun widespread protest and created commonality with people from all walks of life. Origins and Etymology of "Arab Spring" The usage of the term "spring" to describe uprisings was reportedly first used to discuss political progressivism to describe the revolutions in Germany and France.
The term "Arab Spring" was reportedly first used by American conservative commentators in to describe flowering movements or what they called the beginning of the 'democracy project' of the Middle East.
According to Khouri, many Tunisians, Egyptians, Libyans, Syrians, Bahraini and Yemenis used "revolution" thawra in Arabic to describe their own political actions and "revolutions" thawrat to describe collective Arab actions across the MENA.
Nouns "uprising" infitada"awakening" sahwa and "renaissance" nahda were also used--language drawing on the collective action against Ottoman and European rule in the early 20th century. The authoritarian governments that had come into power following the decolonization of the MENA region, could be seen as the core of much of the modern discontent.
President Gamal Abdel Nasser was the Egyptian president from until his death inadvocated heavily for Arab sovereignty, and created a centralization of power in Egypt, and created many of the failing social institutions that were ultimately rebelled against.
Nasser and his regime structured the government in such a way that power was incredibly centralized. It remained as such until the uprisings set out to challenge the imbalance of power. Mohamed Bouazizi's self-immolation was also emulated by other Tunisians, such as Sidi Bouzid, another young jobless man who shouted "no for misery, no for unemployment" just prior to climbing up an electricity pole.
Strategies Employed Social Media Technology, and access to information assisted in the uprisings. Its usages helped facilitate the dissemination of information, including photos, videos and information in real time.
In Iran, Tunisia, Egypt, and Morocco, groups of predominantly young people launched the uprisings, and their use of social networking media for cyberactivism was an important factor in the success of their mobilizations. One of the most well-known images of the Arab Spring that resonate with us is the self-immolation of Mohamed Bouazizi, a fruit seller, who resorted to such demonstrations to protest the political repression and bleak economic situation in Tunisia after he had his cart confiscated by the police because he did not have a license to operate.
Bouazizi's message was spread nationally and internationally due to the effects of both conventional and social media i. Al Jazeera and Facebook, respectively. Virtually no one was even aware of the self-immolation demonstration in Monastir because it was not filmed or spread around on social media, and because the self-immolation of Bouazizi was posted on Facebook, the demonstration that took place in a small town was circulated beyond its geographical perimeters and triggered mass protests.
Protests in in Tunisia did not gain much traction despite the employment of social media strategies, and this is arguably atttributed to the low number of Facebook users only 28, at the time in Tunisiaand thus the low media penetration. By the time of the revolution inhowever, the number of Facebook users had grown to about two million.
An Egyptian activist during the revolution emphasized the importance of social media as a tool by tweeting, "we use Facebook to schedule protests, Twitter to coordinate, and YouTube to tell the world," and for this reason, the Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions are sometimes referred to as the "Facebook or Twitter revolutions.
When the government of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad shut down the Internet in Iran for twenty hours and heavily filtered the Internet thereafter once the they realized the widespread use of the Internet by activists in advancing their protests, Iranian activists used whatever means they could to get their message out.
People in neighbouring countries set up their computers as proxies so that Iranian citizens could access the Internet through them and get around the security set up by the Iranian goverment, and Internet hacking groups such as Anonymous Iran also helped citizens circumvent Iran's security measures  The employment of social media was not just a phenomenon seen in Tunisia and Egypt during the uprisings of the Arab Spring, as activists in Morocco also used Youtube and Facebook to their advantage.
The Moroccan Oppositionist Youth Movement primarily used Facebook to organize public protests and Youtube as a vehicle for political expression, where they pushed for the need of a more democratic and equal society that allows for greater freedom of expression and economic opportunities  Some of the videos on such opinions are voiced by members of the Moroccan Oppositionst Youth movement and can still be found on Facebook.
In the face of the widespread excitement about the empowering potential of social media, dissonant academic voices have however questioned the assumptions that underlie this sentiment. From this viewpoint, the empowering potential of social media is thus not a guarantee of democratization.
Mass protests are more often seen in liberal democracies, and rarely in autocratic governments. The protests seen in the movements under what we know as the Arab Spring depict the strategic use of the masses to unseat autocratic strongmen.
Whether or not the movements in their respective countries are successful in achieving democracy, they have at least opened the door to the possibility for the emergence of new political elites. Studies also show that when autocratic regimes are ousted by mass-led protests and revolts, there is a greater possibility for a new type of political system following the previous regime than when autocratic leaders exit via insider-led reasons.rights in terms of individual political rights, a framework that prioritizes Women and the Arab Spring: Human Rights from the Ground Up The Case of Lebanon, to the Arab Spring.
Professor Naber has been actively involved in human rights-related work. Oct 22, · The Arab Spring was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups and civil wars in North Africa.
Watch video · A timeline of the major events of the Arab Spring on the 5th anniversary of the movement. start an uprising that will develop into the Libyan Civil War.
streets to protest against human. Power To The People: The ‘Arab Spring’ and the Civil Rights Movement Arab-Americans say the same principles inspired North African and Middle Eastern freedom fighters.
Chapter 7: Human Rights and Human Security -Added information on the latest human rights crises (i.e. the refugee crisis, the Syrian civil war, and South Sudan) -New Case Study “A Failed Intervention” on the genocide occurring in Darfur.
Egypt's military will not get away with human rights abuses again on 27 July when 74 people were reported by Human Rights Watch to promise shown in the wake of the Arab spring in Egypt.