Teaching word meanings should be a way for students to define their world, to move from light to dark, to a more fine-grained description of the colors that surround us. Baker, Simmons, and Kame'enui1 state, "The relation between reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge is strong and unequivocal. Although the causal direction of the relation is not understood clearly, there is evidence that the relationship is largely reciprocal.
Scott Mandel The students entered the computer lab and immediately moved into their cooperative learning groups. Their topic of study involved an investigation of how people adapt to various climates and topography in their quest to create adequate living conditions.
Within this particular cooperative learning lesson, the students' immediate task was to determine the types of clothing and equipment necessary to bring with them for a hypothetical trip to various Essay on unusual career choices around the globe.
The problem that they faced was that they were required to make their decisions based only on the climate and topography of that particular location.
The source of their material was to be a virtual field trip experience on the Internet. The information and material they subsequently acquired would be synthesized into their overall study of human adaptability. Prior to the session, the teacher had created a virtual field trip Web site for his students, uploaded onto the school computer network.
The site included links to previously selected Internet addresses of locations which visually exemplified the material he wished his students to experience.
Each two-student team Essay on unusual career choices onto the assignment-created Web site which appeared as a weather map of the world. Various sites were designated as places for the students to click on and "visit.
The groups subsequently determined the various areas to visit, based on their personal choices.
They each had a "topic sheet" of subject areas and concepts for which to search and answer, which would then form the basis of a later classroom discussion.
Some of the experiences related by the various groups included: One group clicked on the Bahamas and were met by a hurricane, thanks to the Web site on a typical northern hemisphere hurricane. At this site, they were able to discover meteorological steps involved in the development of hurricanes, see pictures of hurricanes in action, learn about the long recorded history of hurricanes, and investigate other variations of serious weather conditions, such as tornadoes and thunderstorms.
Another group visited one of the islands in the Pacific rim, where they were faced with an active volcano as portrayed at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. This site presented the students with pictures of various currently active volcanoes and the destruction they wrought especially from lava and earthquakes.
The site also included a section describing how volcanoes work and the general hazards posed by volcanoes to cultures that live in their vicinity.
A third group faced the harshness of one of the world's numerous deserts through the Web site Bright Edges of the World: The Earth's Evolving Drylands. The site described in both text and pictures the status of various arid regions around the world, the animal and plant life that the region supports, and the fate today of that particular area due to human encroachment.
A different group investigated the unusual living conditions within the rain forests of Brazil using the Web site Amazon Adventure.
At this location, the students were able to study the various aspects of life in the heart of the rain forest, both human and animal. This particular site also allowed the students to take on the roles of explorers as they learned about life within that environment.
At the end of this Internet session, all of the students reported that they had a significantly better understanding of the adaptability of different peoples to their environment.
Much of this new perception was a direct result of their miscellaneous experiences on this virtual field trip of climates and topography around the world. Virtual field trips—field trips taken online—can take a student to locations too far away to travel to or too expensive to visit.
Virtual field trips can take a student back in time, into outer space, or into the microscopic world. A virtual field trip, if done correctly and in an educationally sound fashion, can provide many of the identical cognitive and affective gains that an actual real-life field trip can provide.
See Buettner,and Goldsworthy,for accounts of how students incorporated the Internet into their classroom field trip experiences. The trick is to give the activity the same care and credibility as one would give to a real-life curricular excursion.
Simply going to an interesting Web site would not constitute a curricular field trip in and of itself, just as an off-campus excursion to an amusement park would have limited curricular value although there have been teachers who have attempted to justify a trip to an amusement park as a study of the gravitational forces exerted on the human body through the experience of a roller coaster ride.
If a virtual field trip is conducted in the same meticulous fashion as a real-life field trip, students should be able to acquire the same cognitive and affective gains that previous research has found.
When this is possible, an entirely new world of experiences will be opened to all students regardless of the school field trip budget, as they can all experience firsthand the potential of the Internet as a valid curricular device.
Unfortunately, not many of these online excursions currently exist on the Internet, and those that do exist are often filled with more "glitz" than with substance. Still, a growing number of sites are currently online, many of which can be incorporated into the curriculum in some fashion.
Most of these "packaged" virtual field trips are sites which are already constructed and available online "as is" without personal curricular adaptations. Packaged field trips generally fall into three basic categories: An example of this type of site would be the many virtual excursions to Hawaii.
These sites serve as a way for the organizations to present their particular point of view to the public, and to educate those who visit the sites. An example of this type of site would be the virtual excursions to a rain forest or to other various animal habitats.W.
G. Sebald, Humorist He’s revered for his moral gravity, but his greatness comes from a surprising alloy.
Sean P. Murphy is a professor of English and humanities at the College of Lake County, in Illinois, and a board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse-practitioner at Trillium Health in Rochester, N.Y.
It’s time to stop fooling ourselves, says a woman who left a position of power: the women who have managed to be both mothers and top professionals are superhuman, rich, or self-employed. Why Use Virtual Field Trips?
Scott Mandel. The students entered the computer lab and immediately moved into their cooperative learning groups. Their topic of study involved an investigation of how people adapt to various climates and topography in their . Jan 10, · Feature. The Lawyer Who Became DuPont’s Worst Nightmare. Rob Bilott was a corporate defense attorney for eight years.
Then he took on an environmental suit that would upend his entire career .
Words Essay on the Choice of a Career. Article shared by. The selection of a career or profession is one of the most important things of life. But it is equally difficult.
The lack of guiding services, proper counseling and ever increasing unemployment has further complicated the matter.