From the early s Saddam was widely recognized as the power behind President al-Bakr, who after was little more than a figurehead. The area was one of the poorest in the country, and Saddam himself grew up in poverty.
Beginning in the s, Saddam Hussein ruled the Republic of Iraq with Husseins schooling essay tight grip.
His supporters maintained that through his many social and economic programs he effectively brought the country into the modern age. His many critics, however, claimed that Saddam was a ruthless dictator who would stop at nothing in his endless push for power. Regardless, the charismatic leader retained control of his country during countless military conflicts, including an eight-year war against Iran in the s and the Persian Gulf War in He also survived a slew of assassination attempts throughout the course of his presidency, and at times he seemed almost invincible.
But in March ofU. Saddam escaped capture, but after a nine-month manhunt, he was caught, imprisoned, and faced multiple charges relating to war crimes and human rights abuses. Many speculated that the once-invincible ruler would ultimately face the death penalty.
A troubled beginning The ex-president of Iraq had a troubled childhood. Saddam Hussein was born on April 28,in the village of Al-Awja, near Tikrit, a town just north of the city of Baghdad, in central Iraq.
His father, Hussein 'Abd al-Majid, was a peasant sheepherder who by various accounts either died or disappeared before his son's birth. His older brother, who was twelve, died of cancer shortly thereafter. The combined tragedies had a devastating effect on Saddam's mother, Subha Tulfah al-Mussallat, who became extremely depressed during her last months of pregnancy.
After her new son was born, she named him Saddam, which means "one who confronts" or "the stubborn one. We say this so no one will think that America is capable of breaking the will of the Iraqis with its weapons. His new stepfather was abusive and treated him harshly over the next several years.
As a result, when he was ten years old Saddam ran away to the safety of his uncle's home. Khairallah Talfah served as a role model for his nephew, especially influencing his political beliefs.
After Saddam graduated from the al-Karh Secondary School in Baghdad, he officially joined his uncle's political party, the Arab Baa'th Socialist Party, which had been formed in Syria in with the goal of promoting unity among the various Arab states in the Middle East.
In Iraq and neighboring countries the Baa'th Party had become an underground revolutionary force.
He was shot in the leg but managed to escape, first to Syria and then to Cairo, Egypt. While in Egypt he studied law at the University of Cairo.
Inafter a military overthrow of Qassim's government, Saddam was allowed to return to Iraq. That same year he married his first wife, Sajida, the daughter of his mentor, Khairallah Talfah.His education back round would be, a student of the University of Cairo law school, ; Law degree, University of Baghdad, Saddam's family includes his wife, Sajida Khair-Allah, 2 sons and 3 .
Saddam Hussein, also spelled Ṣaddām Ḥusayn, in full Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti, (born April 28, , Al-ʿAwjah, Iraq—died December 30, , Baghdad), president of Iraq (–) whose brutal rule was marked by costly and unsuccessful wars against neighbouring countries.
The cult of Saddam Hussein Support for Saddam Hussein was not universal. The conservative followers of Islam (the national religion of Iraq) did not agree with many of Saddam's innovations, which they felt were directly opposed to Islamic law.
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