Like the EnlightenmentPietism has produced an extremely diverse body of historical scholarship, with opinions ranging from a denial of its existence to precise nationally, geographically, or chronologically defined variants, as well as views that see Pietism essentially as identical with the history of modern Protestantism. Such divergent opinion has led to the introduction of categories such as reformed, classical, enthusiastic, and radical Pietism. The picture often becomes more complex when the scope of Pietism is expanded to include other religions such as Judaismwhere Hasidism appears at least on the surface as a similar phenomenon.
Christian term papers Disclaimer: Free essays on History: Christian posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only. Christian, use the professional writing service offered by our company. In many contemporary Lutheran circles, the labels "Orthodoxy" and "Pietism" are distinctly uncomplimentary.
In popular usage, Orthodoxy means a fossilized over-intellectualized theological system that neglected the life of the people and distorted the heritage of the Reformation, synonymous with "ivory-tower unregenerate reactionary intellectual.
Its main characteristic was its emphasis on systematic thought. It was no longer, as in the previous century, a theology born out of the life of the church and directed Paper pietism term preaching and the care of souls, but rather a theology developed in the universities, and addressed to other scholars and university professors.
In common parlance the term has come to mean "rigid piety" or "ostentatious quietist hypocrite". These negative evaluations are not without some justification.
They betray, however, a context-bound consciousness because they do not attempt to sympathetically enter into the times and thought of the period.
Rather than rejecting our history, it is better to embrace it and bring from it the lessons it has for our own times. In this paper, I will consider these movements by looking at their general characteristics, the way they answer the question "What must I do to be saved?
With this material in mind, I will then consider the implications of this understanding of our history for our present context. Lutheran Orthodoxy was distinguished by a single central concern: The overriding concern was to establish, maintain, defend, and teach "pure doctrine".
By pure doctrine, the Orthodox theologians meant a system of belief based on the content of Scripture used to interpret the Scriptures in teaching and preaching. The most stringent logical system of the time, Aristotelian logical analysis, was used to ensure that the doctrine was correctly deduced.
The necessity to maintain pure doctrine led to extreme intolerance of any variation in theology and to prompt and vigorous suppression of heresy. Because the aim of pure doctrine was to transmit the Word, large amounts of energy were spent in teaching and testing the laity in the recitation of the catechism.
Stoffler identifies three significant themes in Pietism: The emphasis on the need and ability for the laity to engage in teaching and study, a revival of the priesthood of all believers, is equally important. Justification is meaningless from the point of view of the individual who needs salvation unless it is personally appropriated in a fiducial commitment.
Justification must be more than a forensic act on the part of God. It must enter into human experience. This it does in the divinely wrought miracle of conversion and in the divinely initiated and supported striving for sanctification.
The doctrine of the priesthood of all believers was thus rescued once again from being a mere dogma and set free to exert its influence in the Church. The emphasis on personal relationship with God is a way of understanding Luther's definition of God, A god is that to which we look for all good and in which we find refuge in every time of need.
To have a god is nothing else than to trust and believe him with our whole heart. Pietism thought of faith as an existential act of the whole person, and not merely assensus.
The content of the faith was thus of less import. The educational focus became biblical literacy rather than theological literacy. What Must I Do to be Saved? The theological emphases of Orthodoxy and Pietism resulted in different types of practice for the laity, different styles of preaching, and different forms of devotional literature.
It is helpful to consider the responses of the two movements to the practical question, "What Must I do to be Saved?
You must then think and feel correctly about Jesus. You will then be freely given salvation. If they are not worthy of a follower of Christ, then your conversion is not completed. You will be freely given salvation if you have faith, shown by your deeds.
They both asserted that repentance and faith would lead to right relationship and right action. Neither placed much emphasis on either baptism or on the sacrament of the altar. The need to come to terms with "simultaneously justified and sinner" meant that neither system, however, could go beyond this, but began the cycle again.
In other words the miserable sinner was saved but was still in need of salvation. The underlying message of such a theology is that humans must always be immersed in guilt and repentance, self-affliction and self-torment.Pietism is one of the obscure and complicated movements in Christian history of thought.
Although the dispute about the true nature and value of pietism is continued, it is a common assent that Modern Protestantism today has some ethos of pietism. The fact that pietism influenced many philosophers as Kant, Hegel and Kierkegaard, is unquestionable. As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.
Pietism definition: excessive, exaggerated, or affected piety or saintliness | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. It is especially concerned with developments and transitions in Pietist thought and practice both on the Continent and in its various transatlantic forms.
Contributions are not limited to the German-speaking world, but essays should take into account how German Pietism was mediated, adopted, retrieved, and/or adapted by other Christian communities. Pietism and Enlightenment have some similarities and differences in their theological or ideological point of view.
In this essay I would like first to present different types of enlightenments, second I will stress their similarities and third I will discuss their differences in term of theology and ideology. The article also explores the arguments made by those criticizing pietism such as Karl Bath; that is, Bath argues that pietism as an ideology fosters individualism and self centeredness in the society.