In The Curriculum,  the first textbook published on the subject, inJohn Franklin Bobbitt said that curriculum, as an ideahas its roots in the Latin word for race-course, explaining the curriculum as the course of deeds and experiences through which children become the adults they should be, for success in adult society. Furthermore, the curriculum encompasses the entire scope of formative deed and experience occurring in and out of school, and not only experiences occurring in school ; experiences that are unplanned and undirected, and experiences intentionally directed for the purposeful formation of adult members of society. To Bobbitt, the curriculum is a social engineering arena. Per his cultural presumptions and social definitions, his curricular formulation has two notable features:
Lynn VanLeer Last Updated: You may also find them in scholarly books. There is no perfect method that will quickly and easily find an article or book that contains scholarly definitions. As you read articles for your research, it can be helpful to simply keep track of definitions as you find them.
Here is one strategy you can use to try to locate articles that may have scholarly definitions: Pick a database with peer-reviewed articles in your subject area. If it is a phrase, place it in quotation marks so the database searches for it as a complete phrase, instead of as individual words.
The example image below uses Education Source to look for articles that use the term "political diversity.
Open the full text of an article and skim the beginning sections. Does the article discuss how the term has been used by others?
Does the article provide a specific definition in the context of the research study? What if you don't find a specific definition?
Sometimes you will have to infer the definition based on how the term is used within the article. When you provide the definition within your own work, you don't need to use a direct quote from the original source.
Instead, you can paraphrase the author's usage of the term into your own words.
You may also want to search for variants of a term.The same goes, of course, for the academic writing this course aims to teach. The exploration of this rhetorical context is central to our studies this semester, and social media, with all its complexities of audience and purpose, serves as an ideal text.
A common example in academic writing is a scholarly paragraph that includes a main idea, evidence from multiple sources, and analysis of those multiple sources together.
Example: Based on the metaphor above, local synthesis would occur during each individual conversation item.
From Academic to Professional Writing Many disciplines ask students to write professional documents such as segmented reports, grant proposals, research proposals, letters and memos. Making the switch from academic to professional writing can be challenging.
"How to" Guideline series is coordinated by Helen Mongan-Rallis of the Education Department at the University of Minnesota Duluth.
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Whatever your passion, discover the program to shape your future. Start date: Mar 1, | Professional Academic Writing in a Global Context | This longitudinal study of 50 multilingual scholars' practices of writing for publication, focusing mainly on English.