Jump to Section Overview A powerful 9.
Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds. A general view of the scene at the Marina beach in Madras, 26 Decemberafter tidal waves hit the region. Tidal waves devastated the southern Indian coastline killing people, the home minister said, warning that the grim death toll was expected to rise.
On December 26,an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 9. US Geological Survey Statistics: Tsunamis are formed by a displacement of water - a landslide, volcanic eruption, or, as in this case, slippage of the boundary between two of the earth's tectonic plates - slabs of rock 50 to feet 15 to meters thick that carry the Earth's continents and seas on an underground ocean of much hotter, semi-solid material.
The December 26, Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by slippage of about miles 1, kilometers of the boundary between the India and Burma plates off the west coast of northern Sumatra.
The convergence of other plates strains the area, and at the quake's epicenter, the India plate is moving to the northeast at 2 inches 5 centimeters per year relative to the Burma plate.
The aftershocks were distributed along the plate boundary from the epicenter to near Andaman Island. Read More The 9.
It was the third-strongest since Aug 23, · Read CNN's Tsunami of Fast Facts and learn more about the Indian Ocean tsunami that followed the world's third-largest earthquake on record. The Indian Ocean tsunami was the most deadly in recorded history.
Why did so many people die on December 26, ? Dense coastal populations combined with a lack of tsunami-warning infrastructure came together to produce this horrific result. Claim: There is verifiable evidence that a large earthquake will strike the Indian Ocean and cause a deadly tsunami before the end of False.
The Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at UTC on 26 December, with an epicentre off the west coast of northern Sumatra and a magnitude of – M w, reaching a . An aerial view of Marina beach after a tsunami triggered by an earthquake in the Indian Ocean hit the area in the southern Indian city of Madras on December 26, of victims of the The December 26, Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an earthquake that is thought to have had the energy of 23, Hiroshima-type atomic bombs.
The epicenter of the magnitude quake was located in the Indian Ocean near the west coast of Sumatra.